Jos. Eschenbach 981508--> Light--> Блесна Dam Effzett Scales 45Г, Цв. Silver/Silver

Блесна Dam Effzett Scales 45Г, Цв. Silver/Silver


Reviewed by:
Rating:
5
On 11.01.2019

Summary:

.

Блесна Dam Effzett Scales 45Г, Цв. Silver/Silver

Серия: Effzett Scales Вес блесны: 45 гр. Тип блесны: Колеблющаяся Длина блесны: 80 мм.


Обзор:

Блесна 3 Effzett Scales - большой выбор по низким ценам. Доставка по всей России. Возможна оплата наложенным платежом при получении заказа.


Minebea Intec Miras® is a new generation 3 bench and platform scale.

Scale Models - Manufacturer - Replicas - Farm

We have implemented an KitchenAid 5KPM5E of features to meet the majority of user requirements in industrial sectors.

The weighing 3 range from 6 kg to 300 kg with 3 platform sizes. 3 /> Click the button below to add the 48-039 3 Shoes Set O scale FKA KEIL LINE to your wish list.


May 01, 2013 · Military Scale Modelling. Review: 1/35 Merkava Mk.3 Baz with Mine Roller system (Meng Model TS-005) Written by Heico van der Heide on May 1, 2013 No Comments.

ACCESORIES 1:35 - Scale75 Between history and legend


Code no:AB30248. Beginners Studio. 3 Beginners Studio comes with a nice star-shaped bead case to store the 840 beads in 16 colors, a sprayer, a bead pen, and the amazing bead peeler to lift your creation off the tray after 3 ten minutes after spraying water.


Shop for Mondevio Sterling Silver 3 High-polish Diamond-cut Bangle. Free Shipping on orders over $45 at Overstock - Your Online Jewelry Destination!

O Scale Duncans Boots Kit, by Banta Modelworks


O Scale Duncans Boots Kit, by Banta Modelworks.O scale, laser-cut wood model kit 3 Banta Modelworks.

6120. Javascript is disabled on your browser. To view this site, you must enable 3 or upgrade to a JavaScript-capable browser.
The Brief 3 of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE) is a commonly used instrument to measure social anxiety.

This study aimed to translate and to test the reliability and validity 3 the BFNE in Iran. The English language version of the BFNE was translated into Persian (Iranian 3 and was 3.
AMMO BOXES AND AMMUNITION FOR PANTHER TANK SW35-009German suppliesBoxes and 3 for Panther tank
Get In Touch.

ZTE MF833T Call us https://xn--c1akdc2afchgc.xn--p1ai/light/raspredval-dvigatelya-r180.html (563) 924-2880.

Miras® Platform Scale . Minebea Intec

Mon - Sat, 9am - 5pm CST. Bossen Implement, Inc. Hwy 187 South 300 Washburn Ave. Lamont, IA 50650 This study aimed to translate and to test the reliability and validity of the BFNE in Iran.
Methods The English language version https://xn--c1akdc2afchgc.xn--p1ai/light/potolochnaya-lyustra-lightstar-simple-light-811-811050.html the BFNE was translated into Persian Iranian language and was used in this study.
In addition to the BFNE, two standard instruments were used to measure social phobia severity: the Social Phobia Inventory SPINand the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale SIAS.
All participants completed a brief background information questionnaire, the SPIN, the SIAS and the BFNE scales.
Statistical analysis was performed to test the reliability and validity of the BFNE.
Results In all 235 3 were studied 111 male and 124 female.
The mean age for non-clinical group was 22.
Validity as performed using convergent and discriminant validity showed satisfactory results.
Also the BFNE discriminated well between men and women with and without social phobia in the expected direction.
Factor analysis supported a two-factor solution corresponding to positive and reverse-worded items.
Conclusion This validation study of the Iranian version of BFNE proved that it is an acceptable, reliable and valid measure of social phobia.
However, since the scale showed a two-factor structure and this does not confirm to the theoretical basis for the BFNE, thus we suggest the use of the BFNE-II when it becomes available in Iran.
The validation study of the BFNE-II is in progress.
The reported rates vary considerably depending on the measures used, populations studied or whether prevalence is based upon clinical diagnosis or individual symptoms of anxiety.
This scale measures fear of negative evaluation from others, hallmark criteria for the Потолочная люстра Lightstar Simple Light 811 811034 of social phobia and other disorders, and is relevant to the study of human social behavior in general.
Leary was the first one that originally established the psychometric properties of the BFNE Scale among a sample of college students.
In contrast, in order to maintain the scale sensitivity other читать далее suggested instead of removing reverse-worded items these items 3 reworded.
The 3 successfully Крючки-тройники Lucky John Predator LJH236 № 8 social anxious from non-anxious individuals.
There are several studies that examined the factor structure of the BFNE.
More recently, Weeks et al.
However, Rodebaugh et al.
Thus, as indicated by Carleton et al.
To sum up, it seems нажмите для продолжения at present the BFNE-II is a good alternative form of the BFNE for measuring social phobia.
Since the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale was not available in Iran, this study aimed to translate the scale and report on its psychometrics properties.
However, at the time of the present study the authors were not aware привожу ссылку the BFNE-II; otherwise we should have translate and 3 this recent version of the scale.
Translation The 'forward-backward' procedure was applied to translate the BFNE from English into Persian Iranian language.
Two clinical psychologist translated the questionnaire into Persian and two professional translators backward translated these into English.
Then, a provisional version of the Iranian questionnaire was developed and pilot tested and after review by a panel of experts including the study coordinator, a translator and a member of research team ; the final version of the questionnaire was provided.
Participants and data collection The final draft of the Iranian version of BFNE was administered to a sample of 202 university students the non-clinical group who participated in смотрите подробнее large questionnaire-based survey.
The samples were selected from students of the various faculties of Shahed University in Tehran, Iran.
The questionnaires were administrated while they were attending the lectures.
They were referred for 3 to a family health clinic at Mostafa Посмотреть еще Hospital, Iran.
All Participants completed a brief background information age, gender, marital status, year in college questionnaire, the SPIN, the SIAS and the BFNE scales.
Verbal consents obtained from all participants prior to interview.
The Ethics 3 of the Shahed University approved the study.
Measures The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale BFNE The BFNE measures anxiety associated with perceived negative evaluation.
This scale is composed of 12 items describing fearful or worrying cognition.
The respondent indicates the extent to which each item describes himself or herself on a Likert scale ranging from 1 'Not at all' нажмите для деталей 5 'Extremely'.
Eight of the twelve items describe the presence of fear or worrying, while the remaining four items describe the absence of fear or worrying.
The SPIN contains 17 items and consists of three subscales: fear, avoidance and physiological symptoms.
Each of the читать больше items is rated on a scale from 0 to 4: not at all, a little bit, somewhat, very much, and extremely; with higher scores corresponding to greater distress the full- scale score thus ranges from 0 to 68.
The authors reported по этому адресу internal consistency of 0.
The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale SIAS this is an easy and quick instrument to use.
It comprises 20 items, each with a 5-point Likert scale for answers.
The SIAS and the SPIN are used simultaneously to measure complementary aspects of social phobia.
Statistical analysis Descriptive statistics including numbers, proportions, means and standard deviations were have Подвесная люстра Silver Light Benedict 736.53.12 can to present data.
The читать статью consistency and reliability were evaluated by Cronbach's alpha Coefficient and the test-retest correlation.
For the purpose of the test-retest analysis, the non-clinical group completed the Страница twice; once at the study commence and once 3 weeks later.
Convergent validity was carried out to demonstrate the extent to which the BFNE correlates по этой ссылке scores derived from the SPIN and источник статьи SIAS.
It was expected that the BFNE would positively correlate with these measures.
Discriminant validity was addressed by examining the ability of the BFNE to differentiate between individuals with and without social phobia.
Finally the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing principal component analysis with varimax rotation.
It was hypothesized that two factors would be obtained.
In all 235 students were studied.
The characteristics of the both groups are shown in Table.
There were no significant differences between the non-clinical and clinical samples.
The internal consistency of the BFNE as assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient showed satisfactory results.
Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.
Validity of the BFNE was examined using the convergent analysis.
Convergent validity was assessed using the correlation between the BFNE score and the Iranian versions of the SPIN and the SIAS.
As expected a significant positive correlation emerged.
The results are shown in Table.
To assess the discriminant validity, the BFNE scores among individuals with and without social phobia were compared.
Table displays the results.
The scale differentiated well between two groups who differed in social phobia.
As hypothesized individuals with social phobia scored lower on the BFNE and other measures and the differences were significant.
Table 3 The comparison of the BFNE, the SPIN, and the SIAS scores among clinical and non-clinical samples.
Finally principal component analysis with varimax rotation loaded two factors.
The results indicated two distinct factors consisting of straightforward items and reverse-worded questions that jointly accounted for 51.
The results are shown in Table.
The BFNE is a well-known instrument for measuring fear Потолочная люстра Lightstar Simple Light 811 811052 negative evaluation from others and is relevant to the study of human social behavior in general.
This study reports data from a validation study of продолжить чтение BFNE in Iran.
The Iranian version of the BFNE proved to be acceptable to participants and similar to most studies, its reliability as measured by internal consistency and test-retest analysis was found to be satisfactory.
Significant correlations were obtained between the BFNE and the SPIN and the SIAS, supporting the convergent validity of the BFNE Scale.
In support of the discriminant validity of the BFNE, individuals with social phobia scored significantly higher on the scale than non-anxious students.
The differences in scores on the BFNE highlight the discriminant ability of the measure for detecting clinically significant levels of social anxiety.
In line with other studies that evaluated the factor structure перейти на страницу href="https://xn--c1akdc2afchgc.xn--p1ai/light/xline-light-lc-dmx-384-kontroller-dmx-384-kanala.html">приведенная ссылка the BFNE, factor analysis in the current study supported a two-factor model with factors representing positive and reverse-worded items.
As suggested it seems that the reverse-worded factor might be due to the result of students' misunderstanding the double-negative wording in these items.
In fact this result show that using reverse-worded items not only might be confused by clinical and community samples, but the educated participants such as university students also might found difficulty 3 responding to 3 questions.
This study has several limitations.
Perhaps the main concern is that we translated and validated the BFNE scale while evidence suggest that this measure is now out of date and instead the BFNE-II is recommended for measuring social phobia.
Secondly, the statistical analysis was limited.
For instance, as suggested it would be interesting to carry out ROC analysis.
Unfortunately since clinical cut offs of the SIAS, and the SPIN were not established in Iran or a 'gold standard' was not available for the study, we were unable to carry out such analyses.
This validation study of the Iranian version of BFNE proved that it is an acceptable, reliable and valid measure of social phobia.
However, since the scale showed a two-factor structure and this does not confirm to the theoretical basis for the BFNE, thus we suggest the use of the BFNE-II when it becomes available in Iran.
The validation study of the BFNE-II люстра Lightstar Simple Light 811 in progress.
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.
APA American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, text revision.
Albano AM, Detweiler MF: The developmental and clinical impact of social anxiety and Social phobia in children and adolescents.
From Social anxiety to social phobia.
Edited by: Hofmann SG, DiBartolo PM.
Leary MR: A brief version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale.
Pers Soc Psychol B.
Watson D, Friend R: Measurement of social-evaluative anxiety.
J Clin Couns Psychol.
Rodebaugh TL, Woods CM, Thissen DM, Heimberg RG, Chambless DL, Rapee RM: More information from fewer questions: the factor structure and item properties of the original and brief Fear of Negative Evaluation scale.
Weeks JW, Heimberg RG, Fresco DM, Hart TA, Turk CL, Schneier FR: Empirical validation and psychometric evaluation of the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale in patients with social anxiety disorder.
Carleton RN, McCreary DR, Norton PJ, Asmundson GG: Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation scale revised.
Collins KA, Westra H, Dozois DJA, Stewart SH: The validity of the brief version Of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale.
Duke D, Krishnan M, Faith 3, Storch EA: The psychometric properties of the Brief.
Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale.
Carleton RN, Collimore KC, Asmundson GG: 3 anxiety and fear of negative evaluation: Construct validity of the 3 />Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Gibbon M: Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV.
Connor KM, Davidson JRT, Curchill LE, Sherwood A, Foa E, Weisler RH: Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory.
Abdi M: Cognitive biases in interpretation in people with social phobia.
Mattick RP, Clarke JC: Developmental and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety.
Sahragard M: The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale SIAS : translation and validation study of the Iranian version.
Nunnally JC, Bernstien IH: Psychometric Theory.
Corcoran K, Fischer J: Measures for clinical practice: a sourcebook.
Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Authors' contributions AT wrote the first draft of the manuscript.
AT and MM conceptualized and designed the study, coordinated the translation process, collected and analyzed the data.
MB https://xn--c1akdc2afchgc.xn--p1ai/light/mish-logitech-mx-anywhere-2s-light-grey-bluetooth.html to the study design.
GHG supervised the study.
MS contributed to the data collection.
AM analyzed the data further and wrote the final manuscript.
All authors read and approved the paper.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted 3, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Cite this article Tavoli, A.
The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale BFNE : translation and validation study of the Iranian version.
BMC Psychiatry 9, 42 2009 doi:10.

Комментарии 5

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *